‘Complementary protection’ describes the obligations that States have under international human rights law to people who are at risk of serious human rights violations if removed, but who do not qualify as ‘refugees’ under the 1951 Refugee Convention. For instance, States are prohibited from sending people back to places where they face a real risk of being subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or arbitrarily deprived of life.

This project examines the operation of complementary protection regimes around the world, but it also has a particular focus on complementary protection in Australia.  Since 24 March 2012, asylum seekers processed in Australia have been eligible for complementary protection.  This project provides a weekly update of all complementary protection decisions that shed light on its interpretation and application in Australia (and also in New Zealand). 

See a summary of Australian and New Zealand decisions on complementary protection cases.

Project Team

Project director: Professor Jane McAdam 

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The Kaldor Centre plays a vital role in developing legal, sustainable and humane solutions for displaced people around the world.