Refugee Week starts conversations, and conversations work best when they begin with facts. Here are some Kaldor Centre Factsheets to help:
1. Factsheet: The 2018 Global Compacts on Refugees and Migrants
In September 2016, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a set of commitments to enhance the protection of refugees and migrants, known as the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants. This not only reaffirms the importance of the international protection regime, it paves the way for the adoption of two new Global Compacts in 2018: one on refugees, and one for safe, orderly and regular migration. Find out more here.
2. Factsheet: Legal assistance for asylum seekers
A recent shift in governmental goalposts will mean that despite waiting years for an opportunity to apply for a substantive visa, many will be forced to lodge their protection claims in a hurry and without legal assistance. Find out why here.
3. Factsheet: Refugees from Syria
In early 2011, in the midst of the Arab Spring, pro-democracy protests erupted across Syria demanding the resignation of President Bashar al-Assad. Al-Assad’s heavy-handed response to the dissent fuelled the revolt further. As government forces became increasingly violent, brigades of rebel fighters formed and the country descended into civil war. The evolution of the conflict since 2011 has seen the Syrian opposition splinter along sectarian lines and the rise of terrorist groups like Islamic State and Jabhat Fateh al-Sham (al-Qaeda in Syria). Find out about the resulting humanitarian crisis here.
4. Factsheet: Australia–United States Resettlement Arrangement
The US has agreed to resettle refugees held in Australia’s offshore processing centres on Nauru and Manus Island, as well as those who have been transferred back to Australia for medical reasons. Find out what is known here.
5. Factsheet: Turning back boats
In September 2013, the newly-elected Coalition Government introduced ‘Operation Sovereign Borders’ (OSB), a military-led inter-agency border security initiative which incorporates offshore processing, activities to disrupt and deter people smuggling, and interception of boats. This is not the first time Australia has employed this policy and it is not the only country to do so. Find out more here.
You can find more factsheets about international regional and Australia refugee law here.