In 2012, Australia re-opened offshore processing centres for asylum seekers in Nauru and Manus Island, Papua New Guinea. Since that time, asylum seekers have been transferred to these countries and have experienced delays, disruptions and deficiencies in the processing of their claims for protection. While some recognized refugees have been allowed to settle temporarily in these countries, a durable solution is yet to be found. 

This project tracks the history of the offshore detention and processing of asylum seekers since 2012, and its implications under international law. In particular, the project examines legal issues relating to arbitrary detention, human rights, refugee status determination procedures in Nauru and Papua New Guinea, and the search for durable solutions. 

Project Team

Project director: Madeline Gleeson 

Key resources

Fact sheets

In Focus briefs

Case notes and resources



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The Kaldor Centre plays a vital role in developing legal, sustainable and humane solutions for displaced people around the world.