In-country processing and other protected entry procedures

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What is in-country processing and protected entry?

In-country processing enables people in refugee-like situations - but who have not yet fled across an international border - to be processed within their countries of origin and then resettled abroad. 

In-country processing is related to the broader concept of protected entry, which refers to arrangements in which a person in need of protection may approach a host state outside that state’s territory. Protected entry procedures may be applied outside the country of origin, within a third state, while as the name suggests, ‘in-country’ processing is applied within the country of origin. 

In-country processing and protected entry procedures differ from the concept of diplomatic asylum, which is an exceptional practice designed to enable individuals to secure protection ‘in situ’ at an embassy ‘against the will of the territorial state’, and which does not guarantee the individual safe passage to a country of resettlement.


Author: Dr Claire Higgins (Research Associate), with Michael Quach and Elsa Lo (interns)